The Trinity

Trinity

 The Trinity in the Bible

The Bible Explicitly Teaches That There Is Only One God

 

Historical Development of the Doctrine of the Trinity
The term trinity is not found in the Bible but is a theological word which expresses the clear teaching of the Holy Scripture, especially the New Testament. The first theologian of the church to use the term was Theophilus who spoke of God as trias. The great Latin church father Terullian first developed the concept of trinitas, one God in three Persons. Though the fathers of the church in the second and third centuries spoke of the three Persons of the Godhead while recognizing that there is but one God, the councils of Nicaea (A.D. 325) and Constantinople (A.D. 381) gave the fullest expression to the biblical doctrine.

The Teaching of the Old Testament
Belief in one God in the ancient Mediterranean world was unique to the nation of Israel. The faith of Israel is given in a famous Shema: "Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one" (Deut 6:4). Repeatedly the teaching of the Law and the pronouncements of God's prophets confirm this absolute truth.

The Teaching of the New Testament
The church continued the teaching of the Hebrew Scriptures, as well as the teaching of the Lord Jesus Christ, that there is only one God (see 1 Cor. 8:6; Ephesians 4:6;)

1 Timothy 2:5
For there is one God and one Mediator between God and men, the Man Christ Jesus, who gave Himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time,

This it did in contrast to the rampant polytheism that permeated the Greco-Roman world with its multitude of gods, including worship of the emperor as a god during the latter half of the first century. As the apostles and later the church began to articulate this monotheism against pagan religion, it was necessary to explain how this belief in one God was consistent with the concurrent belief that the Father, Son and Holy Spirit are each God and yet still only one God.

The Explicit Teaching of the New Testament

The Teaching of Jesus Christ on His Relationship to the Father and the Holy Spirit
Jesus is the Son of the Father. Jesus calls Himself the Son of God, and He also calls God the Father in a way that implies a profoundly unique association. Moreover, Jesus claims a relationship with God the Father as a partner from all eternity.
At other times Jesus makes statements and does deeds that cause others to recognize His claim to equality with God. The specific charge of blasphemy made against Christ was His admission to being the Son of God.

 † Luke 22:70
They all asked, "are you then the Son of God?"
He replied, "You say that I am."

These texts identify the person Jesus, preexistent to the world, as being God and yet distinct  from God the Father. Like Jesus the Son, the Holy Spirit is also a divine person. Before Christ left the earth to be with the Father, He promised a Comforter similar to but distinct from Himself. 

He and the Father come to the believer through this Person, the Holy Spirit.
In a sense, each Christian is identified with the Triune God. Jesus in His prayer for believers in John 17 indicated that God would dwell with believers in Christ. "I in them and You in Me.

 † John 17:20-25
“My prayer is not for them alone. I pray also for those who will believe in me through their message,that all of them may be one, Father, just as you are in me and I am in you.
May they also be in us so that the world may believe that you have sent me. I have given them the glory that you gave me, that they may be one as we are one—I in them and you in me—so that they may be brought to complete unity. Then the world will know that you sent me and have loved them even as you have loved me.

“Father, I want those you have given me to be with me where I am, and to see my glory, the glory you have given me because you loved me before the creation of the world.
“Righteous Father, though the world does not know you, I know you, and they know that you have sent me.

The Teaching of the Apostles on the Trinity
God is called the Father of the Lord Jesus Christ as well as of all Christians (Eph. 1:2; Phil. 1:2; 2 John 3). The apostle John specifically calls Jesus God (John 1:1, 18; 8:58).

In several places Paul identifies Jesus as God (Rom. 9:5; Phil. 2:6; Titus 2:13), as does Peter (2 Peter 1:1).
The Holy Spirit is declared to be God by Peter (Acts 5:4) and is listed alongside the Father and the Son (Matt. 28:19; 2 Cor. 13:14).

 † Matthew 28:18-20
Then Jesus came to them and said,
“All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me.
 Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name
of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,
and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you.
And surely I am with you always, to the very end of the age.”

Scripture Teaches That Three Persons Are One God

Glimpses of the Trinity in the Old Testament


Use of the Word Elohim with Singular Verbs
The usual word for God in the Hebrew is Elohim. This noun is in the plural whereas in several places the term for God is a singular, such as El or Eloah. In spite of the plural term for God, the true Jewish faith was strongly monotheistic. When Elohim is used regarding the God of Israel, it is used with singular verbs, indicating that the God of Israel is a single being. The plural allows for a plurality of expression for God, as later revealed in the New Testament, but Hebrew grammar may also simply e using a plural of plenitude.

Use of Plural Personal Pronouns
On three occasions the Old Testament uses plural personal pronouns when speaking of God. The first occurrence refers to the creation of humanity: "Let Us make make in Our image" (Gen. 1:26). The second pertains to God deciding to confuse human languages at the tower of Babel: "Let Us go down" (Gen. 11:6-9). The last reference is to the call to mission: "Who will go for Us?" (Is. 6:1-8)

The Angel of the LORD
Several times in the Hebrew Scriptures, reference is made to "the Angel of the Lord" (Yahweh). It is evident from the contents that these references do not speak simply of the created messenger of God but of God Himself. In certain contexts the Angel of the Lord is identified as God Himself (Gen. 16:7-13; 18:1-22), but in others He is distinguished from God (Gen. 19:1-28, especially v.24; Zech. 1:12, 13; see also Mal. 3:1) Such appearances most likely are the preincarnate Christ, who is the revelation of the Father (John 1:18; Heb. 1:-3). After the incarnation such appearance of the Angel of the Lord end, for now the revelation of God is present as a human in the person of Jesus Christ. (compare Ex. 14:19 with Ex. 23:20; 1 Cor. 10:4).

Exodus 14:19
And the Angel of God, who went before the camp of Israel, moved and went behind them; and the pillar of cloud went from before them and stood behind them.

Exodus 23:20-21
“Behold, I send an Angel before you to keep you in the way and to bring you into the place which I have prepared. Beware of Him and obey His voice; do not provoke Him, for He will not pardon your transgressions; for My name in Him.

1 Corinthians 10:4
Moreover, brethren, I do not want you to be unaware that all our fathers were under the cloud, all passed through the sea, all were baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea, all ate the same spiritual food, and all drank the same spiritual drink. For they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them, and that Rock was Christ.

Biblical Teachings About The Trinity

THE BIBLE TEACHES THERE IS ONLY ONE GOD.

Old Testament
The creed of Israel, the Shema (Deut. 6:4), emphasizes the uniqueness of God:
"Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one" (cf. Ex.20:2, 3; 3:13-15)
Deuteronomy 6:4
"Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one"

New Testament
The early apostles of the Lord believed in only one God (cf. 1 Cor. 8:4-6; 1 Tim. 1:17; 2:5-6).

 James 2:19
You believe that there is only one God. Good! Even the demons believe that-and shutter.

THE BIBLE S SPEAKS OF GOD AS THREE DISTINCT PERSONS 

Old Testament
God the Father  is distinguished from the Son in Ps. 27
(cf. also Ps.6818; Is. 9:6; 61:1-3; Heb. 1:1-13), and the Holy Spirit is set forth as distinct from the both.
The Father is seen to be God in (Is. 63:16), the Son in (Is. 9:6), and the Spirit in (Gen. 1:1,2) (cf. Ex 31:3; Judg.15:14; Is. 11:2).
 Genesis 1:1-2
In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. Now the earth was formless and empty, darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was hovering over the waters.
New Testament
The New Testament sets forth in clear terms that the Father of the Lord Jesus Christ is God (John 1:18; 1 Cor. 8:6; Phil 2:11; 1 Pet. 1:2). No one disputes this truth.
The New Testament authors at numerous places present Jesus Christ as God Himself, yet moreover, the Holy Spirit is called God by Peter (Acts 5:4), yet He is introduced at the baptism of Jesus as different from Jesus, and as distinct from the Father and Son in the apostolic benedictions.
 
 † John 1:18
No one has ever seen God, but the one and only Son, who is himself God and is in closet relationship with the Father, has made him known.
 
 † 2 Peter 1:21
For prophecy never had its origin in the human will, but prophets, through human, spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit. 
 
 

THE BIBLE TEACHES THREE PERSONS HAVE THE ATTRIBUTES OF GOD.

Old Testament
The Father possesses the divine attributes (cf. Ps. 90:2; Jer. 17:10; 23:24).
The Son has the attributes of deity (cf. Is. 9:6-7; Dan. 7:13,14).
The Holy Spirit possesses the divine attributes (Gen. 1:2; Neh. 9:20; Ps. 139:7).

Psalm 90:2
Before the mountains were born or you brought forth the whole world, from everlasting to everlasting you are God.

Psalm 90:2
For to us a child is born, to us a son is given, and the government will be on his shoulders. And he will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace. Of the greatness of his government and peace there will be no end.
He will reign on David’s throne and over his kingdom, establishing and upholding it with justice and righteousness from that time on and forever.
The zeal of the Almighty will accomplish this.

New Testament
The Father possesses divine characteristics (John 7:28; Rom. 2:4; 1 Peter 1:5; Rev. 15:4).
The Son is presented as having the nature of God (Matt. 18:20; John 1:2; 2 Cor. 2:11, John 5:6).

 1 Peter 1:3-5
Praise be to the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ! In his great mercy he has given us new birth into a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, and into an inheritance that can never perish, spoil or fade. This inheritance is kept in heaven for you, who through faith are shielded by God’s power until the coming of the salvation that is ready to be revealed in the last time.

 
 

THE BIBLE TEACHES THAT THREE PERSONS PERFORM THE WORKS OF GOD 

Old Testament 
The Father is presented in the Old Testament as the Creator (Ps. 102:25), and the other members of the Godhead as well. Gen. 2:7 uses the plural to identify more than one person to the being of God. If we understood Jesus, the Logos, as the Wisdom of God by which He made the world, then the Son is imitated in the Old Testament as Creator too. The Spirit of God is the creative force brooding over the waters in Gen. 1:2 (cf. Job 26:13).
 
New Testament
Whereas the Father and Spirit are more clearly identified in the Old Testament, the New Testament strongly presents Jesus as the Creator God (John 1:1-3; Col. 1:6).

Jesus is the Word of God
 1 John 1:1-3
In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
He was with God in the beginning. Through him all things were made; without him nothing was made that was made.
 

PRAYER OF SALVATION


Romans 8-10
"The word is near you, in your mouth and in your heart" 
that if you confess with your mouth the Lord Jesus and believe in your heart that God raised Him from the dead, you will be saved. 
For with the heart one believes unto righteousness,
and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation.


When you come to God in prayer, come just as you are..
The prayer below is a sample prayer, speak from your heart, with all your heart confess you are a sinner, accept God's gift of salvation, by grace you will be saved.

Prayer

Father God in heaven in the name of Jesus, I come to repent from a life of sin. I am a sinner, and I need your forgiveness. I am sorry for my sins and the way I have lived my life. 

I believe that Jesus is your only begotten Son and he shed His blood on the cross at Calvary and rose again. Jesus took my sin upon Himself so that I could live a victorious life and be in fellowship with you, now and forever.

Right now, with all my heart, I confess Jesus as the Lord of my life and accept Him as my own personal Savior. I am willing now, at this moment to give my life to you and turn away from my sins.

Your word says in Romans 10:9 says that if we confess with our mouth the Lord Jesus and believe with all my heart that you (God) raised Jesus from the dead, I will be saved.

I believe you are the one and only God, and by Your grace I am now at this moment saved from all my sins. I thank you God I now can call you Father by the precious blood of Jesus which has redeemed me from a life of sin and ungodliness, and has now given me eternal life. 

Thank you for transforming my life and saving me this very moment so that I may bring glory and honor to you alone. 

Thank you Jesus for dying for me and giving me a new life, now and through eternity.

Amen

 
 

 

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